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Breaking News : US Supreme Court Accepts Trump’s Partial Travel Ban On Six Muslim Countries

The Oasis Reporters

June 26 , 2017

Breaking News

‘Yes’, A partial ban stays , says the US Supreme Court .
Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen affected

Coming on the heels of President Donald Trump’s cancellation of the annual Iftir Dinner with Muslims to mark the end of Ramadan fasting period which was started by President Clinton, the US Supreme Court accepts to ratify a partial travel ban on Muslims from certain countries with perceived high incidences of terrorist proclivities, especially against the United States.

The Justices of the Supreme Court had been asked to review President Trump’s travel ban, which aims to limit travel from six mostly Muslim countries.

The fight over President Trump’s travel ban reached the Supreme Court late May and early June , in the form of three urgent requests from the Justice Department.

Here is a look at where things stand according to Adam Liptak of the New York Times.

The Justice Department filed a petition seeking review of a decision by the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit, in Richmond, Va., that blocked the Trump administration’s proposed limits on travel from six mostly Muslim countries.
The government asked the justices to act a little faster than usual, urging them to decide whether to hear the case before they leave for their summer break. But that would still defer arguments to the fall, with a decision to follow.

“The stakes are indisputably high: The Court of appeals concluded that the president acted in bad faith with religious animus when, after consulting with three members of his cabinet, he placed a brief pause on entry from six countries that present heightened risks of terrorism,” the government’s brief said.
It takes four votes to grant a petition seeking review, which lawyers call a petition for certiorari.The administration also made two interim requests, asking the court to stay two rulings blocking parts of the travel ban. Granting the stays would revive the ban while the justices decide how to respond to the petition. It takes five votes to grant a stay”.

The Court heard the Appeal today because when a major presidential initiative is ruled unconstitutional by a federal appeals court, a review by the Supreme Court almost always follows.

And the court just said ‘yes’, the temporary ban stays.

The court typically moves quickly on requests for stays, often acting in about a week. Under its usual practices, it would not hear arguments on the applications and would issue brief orders announcing the outcome with little or no legal reasoning, the travel ban will now go into effect and probably expire before the court hears arguments on the merits of the appeal. That could make the case moot.

The Trump administration has sought to limit travel from six mostly Muslim countries while it reviews its vetting procedures. It says the move is justified by the need to keep the nation safe, and it says presidents have almost unlimited discretion to make national security judgments and to control immigration.
People and groups challenging Mr. Trump’s executive order say it was a product of religious intolerance and the culmination of his campaign pledges to institute a “Muslim ban.”
They say that violates the First Amendment’s prohibition of government establishment of religion, and several courts have agreed. In it’s brief urging the Supreme Court to hear its appeal, the Justice Department said the case was momentous. “This order has been the subject of passionate political debate,” the brief said.
“But whatever one’s views, the precedent set by this case for the judiciary’s proper role in reviewing the president’s national security and immigration authority will transcend this debate, this order, and this constitutional moment.”Karen Tumlin, legal director of the National Immigration Law Center, said lower courts had been right to reject Mr. Trump’s order.
“Again and again, our nation’s courts have found that President Trump’s Muslim ban is unconstitutional,” she said.
“We will continue to defend our plaintiffs’ right to live free from fear of discriminatory treatment by the federal government.
”The case thus presents the Supreme Court with the opportunity to issue a major constitutional ruling on the scope of presidential power.

But there are procedural wrinkles, and it is possible that the case will be resolved without a formal ruling.

Federal judges in Maryland and Hawaii have blocked Mr. Trump’s revised travel ban, issued in March. The Maryland ruling was narrower, freezing only the order’s 90-day suspension of entry from Iran, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, Syria and Yemen. The suspension was needed, the executive order said, to allow the government to conduct a review of its vetting procedures.
The Hawaii ruling also blocked the order’s suspension of the nation’s refugee program. More important, it appeared to prohibit the government from completing it’s 90-day internal review process.
That part of the Hawaii ruling may turnout to be very important. If it is lifted, the travel ban could expire before the Supreme Court has a chance to issue a definitive ruling.

Mark Tushnet, a law professor at Harvard, has urged the Supreme Court to focus on the Hawaii ruling. “Grant the stay of the Hawaii injunction, thereby allowing the government to proceed with its internal review of screening procedures, deny the stay of the Fourth Circuit injunction, and do whatever the heck they want about the petition for certiorari,”Professor Tushnet wrote on Balkinization, a law blog. “The case will then almost certainly be moot by the time it’s argued.”
Last week, the United States Court of Appeals for the Fourth Circuit affirmed the decision by the judge in Maryland, refusing to revive the part of the ban limiting travel from the six countries. The vote was 10 to 3.
The United States Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit, in San Francisco, heard arguments last month in the government’s appeal from the Hawaii decision, but it has not yet issued a ruling.

All these have now been put to rest with the Supreme Court ruling.

Additional Sources :
The New York Times
Agence 24

Greg Abolo

Blogger at The Oasis Reporters.

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