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SWOT Analysis Of The All Progressive Congress As A Political Party


The Oasis Reporters

April 26, 2018

SWOT is an acronym for Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats. SWOT analysis is a process that identifies the values of strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats in an organization. Specifically, SWOT is a basic analytical framework that assesses what an entity (usually a business though it can be used for a place, industry or product ) can and cannot do, for factors internal ( strengths and weaknesses) as well as external (the potential opportunities and threats).

In undertaking a SWOT analysis, there must be realism because if a gloss is applied the intended goals will obviously be missed. Much as this analytical tool is largely applicable to business concerns, it can be applied to politics which explains the very purpose of this post.

Recall that the political party in focus is the All Progressive Congress ( APC ). The APC is the political party which like the proverbial sphinx rose from the ashes of some other political parties mainly the Action Congress of Nigeria (ACN), the Congress of Progressive Change (CPC), All Nigerian Peoples Party ( ANPP ) the People’s Redemption Party (PRP) and a faction of the People’s Democratic Party (PDP). The fission of these political parties produced the behemoth that ended the 16 years of impunity which the PDP had inflicted on this nation. As is common knowledge, every coalition or alliance of parties carries with it the virus which could eventually lead to its eventual disintegration. Let us now examine the APC against the values of SWOT.

The APC is currently the governing party in Nigeria both at the centre and in 24 of the 36 States which presupposes that the party has enormous influence across the country. By simply being the governing party, the APC has the inherent capacity to attract membership from the other peripheral parties meaning that her sphere of influence could well extend beyond the States she currently controls. The party with 64 of the 109 Senators and 262 of the 360 Members of the House of Representatives the party can very easily implement her programmes. At the State level, the APC controls the Houses of Assembly and by extension the Local Councils. The party has enormous resources to maintain and continue to hold political power except a major implosion takes place. The APC has formidable structures across the nation making it the party of choice. The President, a member of the APC has made the difference in containing the Boko Haram insurgency in the North East to the extent that life is returning to normalcy in many otherwise unsafe areas.
The fight against corruption is yielding results which is good for the economic health of the nation. .

As already mentioned, the APC is fraught with a variety of weaknesses principal amongst which is the possibility of an implosion arising from contradictions traceable to the founding political groupings that agreed to come together.. Not many Nigerians are impressed with the implementation of the agenda of CHANGE which they voted for. Many of our country men and women are deeply frustrated to the point of considering decamping to other political parties. The internal dispute resolution mechanism of the APC at the highest level is jaundiced in many a way.

There are crises in some of the State Chapters of the party which the leadership of the party has failed to address. In Kaduna State for example the APC has 2 factions. All efforts to get the Chief Oyegun led leadership to intervene has failed, further deepening the crises. The consequence is that some prominent members have decamped to a rival political party.

Another weakness of the APC is the lack of internal party democracy. Recall that this was the undoing of the PDP. In Kaduna and Kogi States, the governors are behaving like dictators. In Kaduna in particular we have to contend with dictatorship in democratic robes. The administration in the State has all but abandoned key stakeholders and at best the State is being run as if it were a circus. INEC guidelines for the conduct of elections have been set aside and names of the governor’s cronies and friends are compiled and forwarded without the necessary elections having been conducted.

The imposition of candidates if not reversed will spell doom for the party.
The conspiracy to achieve a dubious tenure elongation by the Chief Oyegun gang of conspirators if not conclusively defeated could weaken the party.

The way things stand, the APC remains the political party of choice . If elections were to be held any time soon, the party will easily win because the most of the opposition parties are yet to recover from the debilitating and crushing defeat suffered back in 2015. The weaknesses evident in the opposition parties could well be exploited by the APC to make gains. The improving security situation will for sure attract investment into the country which will lead to an improvement in the economy. Investor confidence will definitely raise Nigeria’s profile internationally.


Every organization including political parties are susceptible to external threats well beyond their control. There are a myriad of threats the APC must be prepared to contend with. One of the main threats is the possible resurrection of the PDP. If this happens the governing APC could face a tough challenge when elections are conducted. The possibility of yet another grand coalition of political parties determined to challenge the APC cannot be easily dismissed. External forces could exploit the current wranglings in the APC to undermined the party. Dissatisfaction with the running of government could cause so much disaffection as to cause the loss of some members of the APC.

The insecurity occasioned by the terrorists jihadists who have invade# this country causing death and destruction poses a serious threat to this nation. The spate of violent armed robberies as the type that took place in Offa recently is a serious embarrassment to the government. The high level of youth unemployment is yet another serious threat.

Written by Gora Dauda.

Greg Abolo

Blogger at The Oasis Reporters.

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