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New CBN Guidelines Banning MMOs, PSPs, Operators From Receiving Diaspora Remittances Causes Anger

The Oasis Reporters

December 22, 2020

Central-Bank of Nigeria

Residents of Benin City who largely rely on remittances from family members abroad are expressing unhappiness right now, as they face a bleak Igue festivities with very lean pockets. This period also coincides with the Christmas holidays, a period of merriment all over Nigeria where Christians and liberal Muslims reside.

So much cash is usually remitted by the Nigerian diaspora who never fail to remember their relatives back home, especially this time when the Nigerian currency is trailing at the back in a season of recession.

The Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has issued additional guidelines for diaspora remittances in the country citing infractions of its previous circular.

According to the apex bank, despite spelling out procedures “regrettably, a few operators continue to pay remittances in local currency contrary to the regulatory directive” which requires that remittances be paid in US dollars.

Based on this, the new guidelines now stops International Money Transfer Operators (IMTO) from sending money to Mobile Money Operators and also stopped the integration of payment services providers to IMTO accounts. It also stopped switches and processors from getting involved in foreign remittances.

The anger of Nigerians abroad is that this directive is coming abruptly, and at a time when Nigerians at home need the money the most, to prepare for end of year festivities, as well as preparations for the new year.

Ordinarily, Adesuwa, a CR nurse in one of the Scandinavian countries had hitherto found it easy to pay naira directly into the accounts of her siblings in Edo State right from Stockholm, and an alert buzzes for each recipient in Nigeria within minutes.

But now, this service has been suspended because the Nigerian reserve bank, the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) has ruled that all remittances must be in foreign currency.

The significance is that home recipients would need to open domiciliary accounts before an inflow is guaranteed.

A respondent in Europe queried this, “so we no fit send Naira again except those who have dollars or euro account ? My question is, why now?”

Cha Benson gave an insight, “It requires those of us in the diaspora to own a domiciliary account each in Nigeria ….considering the naira depreciation…
It is well with us & those back home…”

In light of this, the CBN hereby provides the following additional operational guidelines:

Switches and Processors should immediately cease all local currency transfers in respect of foreign remittances through IMTOs.

All MMOs are required to immediately disable wallets from receipt of funds from IMTOs.
Payment service providers are directed to cease integrating their systems with IMTOs going forward and must prevent incoming of remittances with other legitimate transactions.
All IMTOs are required to immediately disclose to beneficiaries that they exercise discretion to receive transfer in foreign currency cash or directly into their domiciliary accounts.

A central reporting portal for all foreign remittances to be managed by the Nigerian Interbank Settlement System (NIBSS) is currently under development to improve visibility of foreign remittance flows.

The significance of this is that more pressure would be brought to bear on the naira as Diaspora remittances may likely drop by 20%

What this means
From the circular, it appears the Central Bank of Nigeria believes that Nigerians are still receiving foreign remittances in naira instead of foreign currency as stipulated.

The latest circular now bans payment service providers (POS Machine operators), Mobile Money Operators, Switches, and Processors (like Interswitch, Flutterwave) from receiving diaspora remittances.
It has now gone further by cutting off whatever integration they may have had to IMTOs effectively cutting off a major source of revenues for them.
It also means anyone who wants to receive foreign remittance will only have the option of receiving it in cash or in a domiciliary account. They can no longer receive it in an online Wallet as they used to.

The latest circular is purely targeted at controlling the distribution of dollars in the economy and eliminating what it believes to be arbitrage.

The CBN believes if dollar remittances are paid directly to Nigerians, they will, in turn, sell at the black market, injecting much-needed supply that could help stabilize the exchange rate.

Before now, remittances were paid in naira while, the local agents who receive could hoard the forex in the hope that they can sell when the naira depreciates further.
It is unclear if the latest move by the CBN will work, however, the exchange rate has remained stable at N470/475 to $1 since it issued the first circular.


By Greg Abolo

Additional reporting: Nairametrics

Greg Abolo

Blogger at The Oasis Reporters.

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