The Oasis Reporters
September 19, 2018
Any visitor to the offices of the multi billion naira Abuja Electricity Distribution Company would be bemused to find the company with little or no electricity generated from the grid to distribute, but has solar power, to take care of itself only, while excluding its millions of customers who are in the dark. They quietly installed solar panels on its rooftops to tap electricity generated freely by nature by the Sun, put in the orbit by God Almighty.
Sheer incompetence and leadership failure has kept electricity generation below 5,000 MW for a population of 170 million Nigerians, not enough to power the needs of a suburb in New York City.
South Africa produces over 150,000 MW for a country of 50 million people. Since the knowledge and ability has continued to elude Nigeria, nature has provided a way out of Nigeria’s man made inefficiency, and therefore time to go the whole length by using solar and abandoning the electricity oligarchs that generate huge bills while producing more darkness.
According to Cade Agbugba, a green energy specialist based in Germany, he defines poverty as simply as the inability to have access to CLEAN ENERGY to meet basic human needs.
Nigerian National Bureau of Statistics estimates that 50 million households spend N500 daily to power diesel generators, translating to about $21bn annually or approx. 6% of Nigeria’s GDP.
It takes about 8kWh electricity to charge an average Android powered mobile phone in Nigeria about 1,600 GWh for all. The equivalent of 1,190,747 metric tons of CO2 emission or carbon emission from 500 million liters of diesel consumed annually to charge mobile phones.
Present-day economics possesses a standard method by which to measure the cost of mortality at the level of society as a whole: the “value of statistical life” (VSL), as derived from aggregating individuals’ willingness to pay (WTP) to secure a marginal reduction in the risk of premature death. The VSL for Nigeria is $1,049,000.
It is important to emphasize that the VSL is not the value of an identified person’s life, but rather an aggregation of individual values for small changes in risk of death (OECD, 2012).An example of VSL of the EU is $3 million, South Africa is $1,860,00. Ghana $751,000 and Central African Republic $87,000.
The reports on the economic cost of the health impacts of air pollution, in absolute terms and relative to selected other major risk factors Nigeria 2013- Using modelling data and social cost of carbon tools online.
For Nigeria as at 2013, the estimated economic cost of premature deaths: from APMP (Ambient PM Pollution or Outdoor Air Pollution – diesel generator, burning waste in the surface and old motor engines) is USD 41.7 billion. And the estimated economic cost of premature deaths from HAP (Household – cooking with wood, kerosene or charcoal) is USD 70.4 billion. Taken together, the resulting estimated cost of premature deaths from air pollution in Nigeria, 2013 is USD 112.1 billion, which is over 27% of the country’s current GDP.
Therefore we are spending $112.3 billion on fuel and cost of life. Should Nigeria use the same amount and give a loan of $2,450 to the 50 million households each to buy 1.5kW solar and 6 kWh battery, Nigeria will have 75,000MW and Storage system of 300GWh.
What Nigeria needs today is smart engineers that confront the fourth industrial energy revolution now and prepare Nigeria for the next millennium.